In the South and West of Turkey there are a host of places that have both historical and present day significance. The city of Bergama, in the Aegean region, houses the remains of the ancient city of Pergamon. This was a city of great importance during the Hellenistic and Roman periods. It was a major political, military and cultural centre during this time.
Visitors to Bergama can see the ruins of the old city and the remains of the Temple of Dionysus, the Temple of Athena and also the Theatre of Pergamon which held 10,000 spectators in its’ day. The library at Pergamon was once the second largest in the ancient world after Alexandria. It held over 200,000 books which, unfortunately, are long gone as they were given as a wedding present to Cleopatra.
In the West of Turkey in the Marmara region are the remains of the ancient city of Troy. Everyone knows the legend of Troy, even more so since the Hollywood film was released a few years ago. Troy was an important city over 4000 years ago and the ruins are in the province of Canakkale.
It is a very popular tourist destination and the walls of the city can still be seen. There is a fascinating museum there which houses an amazing replica of the wooden horse used by the Greeks to infiltrate the city. The wooden horse used in the film has also been given to Turkey by Hollywood.